When a tooth and its root cannot be saved due to trauma or decay, a dental implant can be utilized to act as a stabilizer for a variety of cosmetic restorations. Typically, dental implants are made of titanium due to its durability and acceptance by the body despite its foreign nature.
There are three types of implants. The first, and most common, is an endosteal implant, which takes its name from the thin layer of connective tissue lining the bone's medullary, or “marrow” cavity. The second, is a sub-periosteal, (or eposteal) implant. Its name comes from the thin membrane that covers the surface of the bone, called the periosteum. The ability to install an endosteal implant relies heavily on the health of the individual and the amount of healthy bone remaining in the jaw, and when both you and the bone in your jaw are healthy, an endosteal implant is preferred. When this is not the case, a sub-periosteal implant is often the only option.